AIDS in Malaysia

NO. OF NEW HIV INFECTIONS, AIDS CASES AND AIDS DEATHS BY GENDER PER YEAR REPORTED IN MALAYSIA (from 1986 until 2010)

YEAR

HIV INFECTION

AIDS CASES

HIV/AIDS DEATH

Male

Female

TOTAL

Male

Female

TOTAL

Male

Female

TOTAL

1986 3 0 3 1 0 1 1 0 1
1987 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
1988 7 2 9 2 0 2 2 0 2
1989 197 3 200 2 0 2 1 0 1
1990 769 9 778 18 0 18 10 0 10
1991 1741 53 1794 58 2 60 10 9 19
1992 2443 69 2512 70 3 73 44 2 46
1993 2441 66 2507 64 7 71 50 5 55
1994 3289 104 3393 98 7 105 74 6 80
1995 4037 161 4198 218 15 233 150 15 165
1996 4406 191 4597 327 20 347 259 12 271
1997 3727 197 3924 538 30 568 449 24 473
1998 4327 297 4624 818 57 875 655 34 689
1999 4312 380 4692 1114 86 1200 824 50 874
2000 4626 481 5107 1071 97 1168 825 57 882
2001 5472 466 5938 1188 114 1302 900 75 975
2002 6349 629 6978 1068 125 1193 823 64 887
2003 6083 673 6756 939 137 1076 633 67 700
2004 5731 696 6427 1002 146 1148 951 114 1065
2005 5383 737 6120 1044 177 1221 882 102 984
2006 4955 875 5830 1620 222 1842 896 80 976
2007 3804 745 4549 937 193 1130 1048 131 1179
2008 2988 704 3692 795 146 941 786 114 900
2009 2527 553 3080 622 119 741 184 621 805
2010 2984 668 3652 868 167 1035 782 122 904

TOTAL

82,603 8,759 91,362 14,482 1,870 16,352 11,239 1,704 12,943

 

TOTAL NUMBER OF HIV/AIDS CASES AND RELATED DEATHS REPORTED IN MALAYSIA (from 1986 until 2010)

Factor Classification HIV Infection AIDS Casese
Sex / Gender Male 82,603 14,482
Female 8,759 1,870
TOTAL 91,362 16,352

 

Age Groups < 2 years 112 80
2 – 12 years 797 154
13 – 19 years 1,295 252
20 – 29 years 30,443 3,018
30 – 39 years 39,304 7,033
40 – 49 years 14,698 4,029
> 50 years 3,739 1,540
No Data 974 246
TOTAL 91,362 16,352

 

Ethnic Groups Malay 65,235 9,633
Chinese 13,283 4,173
Indian 7,190 1,271
Bumiputra Sarawak 2,267 288
Bumiputra Sabah 760 237
Others 496 154
Foreigner 1,596 575
No Information 535 21
TOTAL 91,362 16,352

 

Transmission based on 

risk factor

IDU 63,680 8,897
Blood receiver 34 20
Organ receiver 0 3
Homo/Bisexual 2,047 562
Heterosexual 16,320 5,005
Mother to child (vertical) 832 215
No Information 8,449 1,650
TOTAL 91,362 16,352

 

Sector / Occupation Unemployed 16,653 4,637
Government staff 725 212
Student 312 69
Uniformed bodies 698 160
Fisherman 3,399 416
Factory worker / Industry 6,048 757
Private sector staff 1,500 976
Sex worker 593 83
Housewives 3,291 672
Long distance driver 2,261 423
Others 30,507 4,688
Odd Jobs 25,375 3,259
TOTAL 91,362 16,352

 

 

TOTAL NUMBER OF HIV/AIDS CASES AND RELATED DEATHS REPORTED IN MALAYSIA (1986-2009 and 2010)

Factor Classification 1986-2009 2010 TOTAL
HIV AIDS HIV AIDS HIV AIDS
Sex / Gender Male 79,619 13,614 2,984 868 82,603 14,482
Female 8,091 1,703 668 167 8,759 1,870
TOTAL 87,710 15,317 3,652 1,035 91,362 16,352

 

Age Groups < 2 years 99 75 13 5 112 80
2 – 12 years 771 149 26 5 797 154
13 – 19 years 1,252 245 43 7 1,295 252
20 – 29 years 29,586 2,862 857 156 30,443 3,018
30 – 39 years 37,709 6,597 1,595 436 39,304 7,033
40 – 49 years 13,906 3,743 792 286 14,698 4,029
> 50 years 3,414 1,400 325 140 3,739 1,540
No Data 973 246 1 0 974 246
TOTAL 87,710 15,317 3,652 1,035 91,362 16,352

 

Ethnic Groups Malay 62,953 9,004 2,282 629 65,235 9,633
Chinese 12,687 3,954 596 219 13,283 4,173
Indian 6,929 1,197 261 74 7,190 1,271
Bumiputra Sarawak 2,200 240 67 48 2,267 288
Bumiputra Sabah 630 213 130 24 760 237
Others 478 148 18 6 496 154
Foreigner 1,298 540 298 35 1,596 575
No Information 535 21 0 0 535 21
TOTAL 87,710 15,317 3,652 1,035 91,362 16,352

 

Transmission based on 

risk factor

IDU 61,943 8,397 1,737 500 63,680 8,897
Blood receiver 34 20 0 0 34 20
Organ receiver 0 3 0 0 0 3
Homo/Bisexual 1,746 506 301 56 2,047 562
Heterosexual 14,848 4,573 1,472 432 16,320 5,005
Mother to child (vertical) 793 203 39 12 832 215
No Information 8,346 1,615 103 35 8,449 1,650
TOTAL 87,710 15,317 3,652 1,035 91,362 16,352

 

Sector / Occupation Unemployed 15,929 4,284 724 353 16,653 4,637
Government staff 649 197 76 15 725 212
Student 268 61 44 8 312 69
Uniformed bodies 678 153 20 7 698 160
Fisherman 3,300 407 99 9 3,399 416
Factory worker / Industry 5,940 724 108 33 6,048 757
Private sector staff 1,152 875 348 101 1,500 976
Sex worker 571 82 22 1 593 83
Housewives 2,990 596 301 76 3,291 672
Long distance driver 2,182 404 79 19 2,261 423
Others 29,020 4,359 1,487 329 30,507 4,688
Odd Jobs 25,031 3,175 344 84 25,375 3,259
TOTAL 87,710 15,317 3,652 1,035 91,362 16,352

 

Source: Disease Control Unit, Ministry of Health Malaysia, 2010

Prepared by: Resource Centre, Malaysian AIDS Council